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Spaceflight theory videos

I've uploaded some videos dealing with spaceflight theory. You can find them on this playlist:

Or you can view them here:

Fly me to the Moon - and back
"Fly me to the Moon - and back" is a 1966 NASA documentary that explains the complexity of planning a lunar mission trajectory. Includes mission analysis, mathematical techniques, computers, mission plan, calculations and real-time support for the NASA Mission Control.

Launch windows for lunar landing
"Launch windows for lunar landing" is a 1967 NASA documentary, and describes, with animation, the planning of a lunar mission with trajectories and physical capabilities that define these trajectories. Emphasizes launch windows and Earth reentry.

Space Navigation
"Space Navigation" was made in 1968 and is very informative, showing techniques and equipment used in lunar missions.
The Apollo spacecraft computer is shown and it summarizes the …

Gemini B cockpit layout

The Gemini B was the military version of the Gemini spacecraft, adapted for use on the MOL (Manned Orbiting Laboratory) program. The general cockpit layout was similar, but many instruments were changed.

I'm doing a 3D model of the cockpit, and as part of that I need to recreate the dashboard layout.
For the normal Gemini we have great detailed instrument layouts, but for Gemini B we must work based on photos.

I've identified as much labels as possible. Some probably have errors, but still I think you get the idea of the general operation.

The main difference from the stock Gemini is that gauges and switches are more protected perhaps from accidental touching. Also you have controls for the MOL laboratory on the right hand panel.

I'm working mainly based on two reference photos:

Mercury-Redstone 1 launch failure video

Mercury-Redstone 1 (MR-1) was the first flight test of the Redstone rocket in Project Mercury.

Intended as an unmanned sub-orbital spaceflight, it was launched on November 21, 1960 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. The launch failed in a peculiar fashion with the rocket shutting down just after liftoff. As such it became know as the "four-inch flight".

The video is presented in real-time, with side-by-side views of the rocket.
Interestingly, the original footage was taken at different speeds. The view on the right had a higher frame rate originally, as is typical of engineering cameras.
 Here, it was matched to view on the left. Sounds were recreated, since there's no audio of this event.

Apollo 9 Earth EVA footage

The Apollo 9 mission tested the Apollo CMS and LEM in Earth orbit.
It included a EVA where Lunar Module Pilot Rusty Schweickart was using an handheld camera at the LM forward hatch and Command Module Pilot David Scott had a camera fixed to the CM side hatch.

Here I took footage from both cameras and synchronized it with real time audio.

Image processing:

Frame rate corrected and motion interpolated from 6fps to 24fps. Motion stabilization performed on the handheld camera footage.Fish-eye lens corrected on the fixed camera
The end result is a cleared view of the EVA highlights.
I created one version with footage from both cameras side-by-side, and another with a normal edit.

Retro Space HD

Started a YouTube channel to show some videos I'm making. - Retro Space HD

They are mainly about historical space missions, trying to balance accuracy, modern online language and and good image quality:

sequences shown in chronological order and at real speedshort videos about a single aspect of the mission, multiple camera anglesadding sound effects and musicnoise reduction, field of view correctionhand cropping for 16:9 HD displays

I'm working based on new HD transfers of the original footage, and also on the original period NASA mission documentaries.

I'll post a few videos here soon!

Orion cockpit layout

In preparation for my Constellation program add-on, I collected some images about Orion's cockpit panel layout.

These are quite interesting and you can see how it is evolving.

2012 (NASA Systems Engineering Simulator)

2014  layout
I assembled this view  from a NASA video showing most parts of the panel and LCD displays. Resolution is good enough to read most of the labels.

2014 Mockup

2015 Mockup
The 2015 mockup shows some diferences from the 2014 version. The design seems less monotonous and with a few less flip switches.

Image sources: NASA

Apollos 18, 19 and 20 for AMSO

Clearing a large backlog of released realistic add-ons over the last two years.

I'll start with the cancelled moon missions based on the Apollo AMSO add-on for Orbiter.
Flowing the general outline of the available NASA planning documents I did Apollo 18, 19 and 20, complete with terrain, patches and EVAs.

Vallis Schroteri & Apollo 18

This add-on features realistic terrain for the Vallis Schröteri area near the Aristarchus crater on the Moon. It is presented in a way that you have a relatively large flat area (Orbiter limitation) where you can land and drive.

 The area covered by terrain mesh is about 30x30km. Some surface features were placed to provide interesting destinations for EVAs, based on the actual geology of the region.

The provided scenarios use AMSO to recreate the proposed Apollo 18 mission. They are generic and the orbital trajectories are not optimized regarding fuel or mission duration. Anyhow, I think I've remained within realistic parameters for a late A…